Canada is a country located in the northern part of North America. Its ten provinces include Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland & Labrador, Saskatchewan, Nova Scotia, Québec, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, and three territories Nunavut Northwest Territories, Yukon Territories, extend from the Atlantic to the Pacific and northward into the Arctic Ocean, covering 9.98 million square kilometres (3.85 million square miles), making it the world's second-largest country by total area. Canada's southern border with the United States is the world's longest bi-national land border (source: Wikipedia). Canada's current Prime Minister is Justin Trudeau.

  • Inception: 1867
  • *Population: 35,151,728
  • *Area: 8,965,588.85 km²
  • *Density: 3.9/km²
  • **First Official Languages Spoken: English 74.8%, French 22.1%
  • **Mother Tongue Non-official Languages: 21.05%
  • ***Employment / Unemployment Rate: 60.2% / 7.7%
  • Official Website: Government Of Canada
  • Cost of Living:
    Preparing To live In Canada
    Cost Of Living In Canada From Numbeo
    Bank Of Canada Inflation Calculator
  • Individual Federal Income Tax Rates - 2018
    15% on the first $46,605 of taxable income, +
    20.5% on the next $46,603 of taxable income (on the portion of taxable income over 46,605 up to $93,208), +
    26% on the next $51,281 of taxable income (on the portion of taxable income over $93,208 up to $144,489), +
    29% on the next $61,353 of taxable income (on the portion of taxable income over 144,489 up to $205,842), +
    33% of taxable income over $205,842.
  • Health: Canada's Health Care System
  • Education: K-12 (Click on the link to visit the School Life in Canada section of the government of Canada website for more information)

    Education in Canada is for the most part provided publicly, funded and overseen by federal, provincial, and local governments. Education is within provincial jurisdiction and the curriculum is overseen by the province. Education in Canada is generally divided into primary education, followed by secondary education and post-secondary. Within the provinces under the ministry of education, there are district school boards administering the educational programs.

    Education is compulsory up to the age of 16 in every province in Canada, except for Manitoba, Ontario, and New Brunswick, where the compulsory age is 18, or as soon as a high school diploma has been achieved. In some provinces early leaving exemptions can be granted under certain circumstances at 14. Canada generally has 190 (180 in Quebec) school days in the year, officially starting from September (after Labour Day) to the end of June (usually the last Friday of the month, except in Quebec when it is just before June 24 – the provincial holiday). In British Columbia secondary schools, there are 172 school days during a school year. (2013-2014). In Alberta, high school students get an additional four weeks off to accommodate for exam break; two weeks in January, and two in June. Classes typically end on the 15th of those two months. (source: Wikipedia)

  • Justice System:
    Department of Justice - About Canada's System of Justice Canada How Government Works - Treaties, Laws and Regulations
    Federation of Law Societies of Canada
    Canadian Law and Justice - For New Immigrants -
*Information is based on 2016 census data
**Language data is based on the percentage of total population excluding institutional residents
***Canada's Employment/Unemployment data is from census profile 2016

The Following Links Open In A New Window

Population Data: Statcan "Population" Data from 2016 Census
Language Data: Statcan "Language" Data from 2016 Census
Employment/Unemployment Rate Data:Statcan "Labour" Data from 2016 Census

Related Reading Materials

Labour
Labour in Canada: Key results from the 2016 Census
Infographic - Canadians in the workforce, 2016 Census of Population
Insights on Canadian Society Results from the 2016 Census: Work activity of families with children in Canada
Census in Brief - Working seniors in Canada

Education
2016 Census topic: Education
Education in Canada: Key results from the 2016 Census
Does education pay? A comparison of earnings by level of education in Canada and its provinces and territories

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